In his book Outliers, Author Malcolm Gladwell asks the question: what makes high-achievers different? His answer is that we pay too much attention to what successful people are like, and too little attention to where they are from: that is, their culture, their family, their generation, and the idiosyncratic experiences of their upbringing. In the book, he lays out his theory that to become an outlier-superstar, one needs about 10,000 hours of practice.  Case in point: Bill Gates and The Beatles. Gladwell explains the secrets of software billionaires, what it takes to be a great soccer player, why Asians are good at math, and what made the Beatles the greatest rock band.

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